Water-borne illnesses are often spread through contaminated drinking water systems. Most of the contaminants are faeces and urine of sick people and animals. Another contaminant is runoff from garbage sites, landfills, sewer pipes, septic systems and industrial and residential developments.
To fight the spread of water-borne diseases in Africa, all stakeholders have to institute better sanitation measures and provide drinking water, washing and bathing facilities that promote improved hygiene. Also, water should be kept separate from waste.
In addition, extensive education programmes could help ensure that residents are aware of the proper hygiene techniques to keep their water supplies safe.
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