Nigeria

Nigeria's residential elections

Some have wondered whether Obi will manage to upset the status quo that has defined Nigerian politics since 1999. However, great support for Obi has been borne of the young generation’s apparent frustration with Nigeria’s political class.

More specific, many people view the presidential candidates from the two major political parties, APC and PDP, as representatives of status quo politics that have left Nigeria on the brink of economic shutdown.

In the run-up to Nigeria’s presidential elections in 2023, the electorate confronts the challenges of soaring inflation, a plummeting currency, and prevalent insecurity. Crude oil, Nigeria’s economic backbone, has seen its production slump to multi-decade lows. Moreover, the government has seen its debt service exceed the earned revenue in the first quarter of 2022.

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There is still plenty to accomplish. Even after a year, the PIA is still in a transitional period, with committees deliberating its practical implications. One seasoned Nigerian expert questioned how much the NNPC would change due to its transition into a limited liability corporation. Still, post-PIA data suggests that Nigeria’s oil and gas industry may be moving in the right direction.

The former Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) chairman, Babatunde Fowler, announced Nigeria’s decision to tax digital transactions in 2019. The new legislation dubbed The Finance Act (2021) was signed on December 31, 2021.

A section on Nigeria’s Finance Act focuses on capturing value from non-resident technology companies and calls them to act as VAT collectors for digital goods and services traded within Nigeria. The minister for finance, budget and national planning, Zainab Ahmed, said during the presentation of the 2022 budget that the taxable digital platforms include apps, high-frequency trading, electronic data storage, online advertising, and several others.

In addition, Meta had already issued a notice on December 9, 2021, before releasing the new financial regulation, saying that Meta ads in Nigeria would be subject to a value-added tax (VAT) at the applicable local tax rate. The VAT applies to advertisers whose “Sold to” country on their business or personal address is set to Nigeria. Meta has 26.10 million users in Nigeria in early 2022, equivalent to 12.2 per cent of the population in Nigeria.

Recently, many Nigerians trading on the Binance platform complained about initiating or completing transactions.

Some of the affected persons have taken to social media calling out crypto for “targeting Africans, especially Nigerians”, as their accounts have been suspended for reasons oblivious to them.

Some users say that they have been told to contact the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and New York Police Department to resolve transactions issues, a situation they claim to be absurd.

Buhari said that the rice pyramids would aid efforts to reduce the price of rice in Nigeria. He expressed his expectations for other agricultural organizations to join the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)-funded Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) that supports Buhari’s drive for food sufficiency.

Speaking at the event Central Bank’s governor, Godwin Emefiele, said that CBN collaboration with RIFAN increased the national output of rice to over 9 million metric tonnes in 2021, up from about 5.4 metric tonnes in 2015.

Productivity per hectare of smallholder farmers has also increased from 2.4 metric tonnes to about five metric tonnes over the same period.

President Muhammadu Buhari said in an interview with Sun Nigeria that he was discontented with electricity in Nigeria.

The All Electricity Consumers Protection Forum expressed the same discontent with the power sector and pointed the slow progress in the power sector to the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC).

The forum has advised President Buhari to do away with the power regulator in the country, NERC, and move the responsibilities to the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (FCCPC).